De : RSOE EDIS <havaria@rsoe.hu&gt;
Envoyé : vendredi 3 mai 2019 07:18
À : Corentin Decaen <cdecaen@geoasia.org&gt;
Objet : RSOE EDIS – Event Report – Epidemic Hazard : Wayanad, State of Kerala, India, Asia
Importance : Haute

 

RSOE Emergency and Disaster Information Service, Budapest, Hungary
Event report

May 3rd 2019 05:15 AM – Epidemic Hazard – EH-20190503-67729-IND

Base information

EDIS Code: EH-20190503-67729-IND
Event date: May 3rd 2019 05:15 AM
Category: Epidemic Hazard
Continent: Asia
Country: India
State: State of Kerala
Settlement: Wayanad
Location:
Coordinate:
11.6853575,76.1319953 (WGS84 decimal)

CAP Information

Category: Health - Medical and public health
Urgency: Past - Responsive action is no longer required
Severity: Severe - Significant threat to life or property
Scope: Public - For general dissemination to unrestricted audiences
Certainty: Observed - Determined to have occurred or to be ongoing

Event details

Health Department takes measures to tackle outbreak of the disease in Wayanad. A 28-year-old tribal woman from the Changalamoola tribal hamlet at Neykuppa in Poothadi grama panchayat died of scrub typhus, transmitted by infected ticks, on Wednesday. The deceased has been identified as Bindu. A woman from Maveli Nagar at Cheeral in the district had died of the disease three months ago. "Bindu had been admitted to the District Hospital at Mananthavady four days ago with symptoms of scrub typhus and later she was referred to the Government Medical College Hospital, Kozhikode," R. Renuka, District Medical Officer, told The Hindu. Her condition worsened on Tuesday night and she died on Wednesday, Dr. Renuka said. The samples collected from the patient had been sent to the Manipal Centre for Virus Research (MCVR) and the tests confirmed it as a case of scrub typhus, Dr. Renuka added. A few days ago, 24 fever cases were reported in the tribal hamlet and the ailing were admitted to the Family Health Centre at Poothadi. Ten among them showed symptoms of scrub typhus and the disease was confirmed in six persons, K.M. Noona Marja, District Surveillance Officer, said. There was no need for panic as all steps had been taken to tackle the outbreak of the disease in the district, Dr. Marja said. Orientia tsutsugamushi, a tick-borne bacterium belonging to the family Rickettsiaceae, is responsible for scrub typhus in humans. Chigger mites (larval mites) on rodents such as rat and squirrel transmitted the disease to humans, Dr. Marja said.

Biohazard Information

Disease name: Scrub Typhus
Biohazard level: Level 2 - Medium
Biohazard definitions: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. "Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures", see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.

Event map

Google Maps for the region of the event


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Corentin DECAEN

Corentin

Foundor of GeoAsia Spécialiste Chine/Japon

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