De : RSOE EDIS <havaria@rsoe.hu&gt;
Envoyé : mardi 7 mai 2019 13:02
À : Corentin Decaen <cdecaen@geoasia.org&gt;
Objet : RSOE EDIS – Event Report – Biological Hazard : [Province-wide] Dong Nai province, Vietnam, Asia
Importance : Haute

 

RSOE Emergency and Disaster Information Service, Budapest, Hungary
Event report

May 7th 2019 10:59 AM – Biological Hazard – BH-20190507-67784-VNM

Base information

EDIS Code: BH-20190507-67784-VNM
Event date: May 7th 2019 10:59 AM
Category: Biological Hazard
Continent: Asia
Country: Vietnam
State: Dong Nai province
Settlement:
Location: [Province-wide]
Coordinate:
11.0686305,107.1675976 (WGS84 decimal)

CAP Information

Category: Env - Pollution and other environmental
Urgency: Past - Responsive action is no longer required
Severity: Severe - Significant threat to life or property
Scope: Public - For general dissemination to unrestricted audiences
Certainty: Observed - Determined to have occurred or to be ongoing

Event details

African swine fever has reached Dong Nai Province, a major source of pork supply to Ho Chi Minh City. The viral disease that infects all pig species through bodily fluids such as blood and mucus and causes hemorrhagic fever has been found at two farms in Trang Bom and Nhon Trach districts close to HCMC. Local authorities said the area within a radius of three kilometers (less than two miles) from the two farms are threatened. They have quarantined the infected areas, culled sick pigs and temporarily shut down nearby slaughterhouses. Dong Nai has the largest number of pigs in Vietnam, more than 2.5 million, of which 75 percent are raised in large farms and the rest in households, according to the province’s Livestock Association. The province is the first locality in southern Vietnam reported to be hit by African swine fever, which has been reported in pig farms in more than 20 cities and provinces in the northern and central regions this year. Over 85,000 pigs have been culled. But several northern provinces and Hanoi have reported they are free of African swine fever after there were no new cases of pigs dying for 30 days as required under Vietnamese regulations. Some 70 percent of meat products in Vietnam are from pigs, with over 10,000 farms and 2.5 million households raising the animal for food. There is no cure for African swine fever though humans are not affected by it. Twenty countries and territories have reported outbreaks since 2017 and over one million pigs have been put down, according to the World Organization for Animal Health. Vietnam is the third country in Asia to be hit after China and Mongolia. In Vietnam, it was first discovered in the northern province of Hung Yen on February 1 before it quickly spread to other provinces and municipalities across the northern and central regions.

Biohazard Information

Disease name: African Swine Fever (ASF)
Biohazard level: Level 2 - Medium
Biohazard definitions: Bacteria and viruses that cause only mild disease to humans, or are difficult to contract via aerosol in a lab setting, such as hepatitis A, B, and C, influenza A, Lyme disease, salmonella, mumps, measles, scrapie, dengue fever, and HIV. "Routine diagnostic work with clinical specimens can be done safely at Biosafety Level 2, using Biosafety Level 2 practices and procedures. Research work (including co-cultivation, virus replication studies, or manipulations involving concentrated virus) can be done in a BSL-2 (P2) facility, using BSL-3 practices and procedures. Virus production activities, including virus concentrations, require a BSL-3 (P3) facility and use of BSL-3 practices and procedures", see Recommended Biosafety Levels for Infectious Agents.

Event map

Google Maps for the region of the event


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Corentin DECAEN

Corentin

Foundor of GeoAsia Spécialiste Chine/Japon

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